How does acne cause scarring?
Acne develops as bacteria, oil, and dead skin cells clog up pores or hair follicles. This makes the skin inflamed and causes swelling. This process breaks the skin which eventually heals, causing damaged skin that’s not as smooth as it once was. This new skin now has the appearance of “acne scars.”
Not all acne actually scars, as it is directly proportionate to the inflammation of a pimple. So, the greater the inflammation, the greater the possibility is of living with acne scars.
More specifically, whenever the second layer of our skin (dermis) gets damaged, it results in a scar because the skin couldn’t rebuild the destroyed tissue.
What causes acne scars?
- Squeezing, pinching, popping and touching infected areas
- Over treating, mistreating, or failure to treat a skin problem before it gets worse
- More prone skin types as it relates to genetics
What are the types of acne scars?
It is important know what are the types of acne scars before knowing how to treat them. The two most commonly recognized types of acne scars are “hypertrophic” or raised scars and “atrophic” or depressed scars.
These scars are caused by producing too much collagen while the acne is dissipating. They stand above the skin’s surface and are common with chest and back acne.
These scars are commonly found on the face. It is formed when there isn’t enough collagen production during the healing process. These scars are below the surface of the surrounding skin, and there are 3 types of atrophic scars.
- Ice Pick – oval holes which are narrow and v-shaped, and are most difficult to treat because they are deep.
- Rolling – have rounded edges and an irregular rolling appearance, and typically has wide depressions.
- Boxcar – shallow or deep, usually with sharp edges and wide with u-shape formations.
Treating acne scars may not be a priority but for some it can make a huge difference for their self esteem. To increase confidence and promote better skin health, read about these remedies so you can reduce the appearance of your acne scars.
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It has antibacterial properties, so you can out the honey directly on the skin to help with cleansing. It also helps heal burns and wounds and reduces the probability for scarring.
- Black Seed Oil
Having the scientific name of Nigella sativa, black seed oil is commonly found in the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a famous medicinal plant and is proven to speeds up wound healing. It can balance out pigmentation and even prevent acne altogether. The oil is also an anti-inflammatory.
- Lemon Juice
Anecdotal evidence indicates that lemon juice reduces acne scars and shows positive results for healing acne scars. Its also been said to help even out your skin tone and improve discoloration. Furthermore, because lemon juice is highly acidic, it is recommended to apply just a few drops directly to the scars to be effective.
- Rosehip Seed Oil
Mostly recognized to help with aging, Rosehip seed oil is commonly available and is safe to directly apply on the skin. Researches have also indicated that it can be used to treat scars, as one of the studies was related directly to surgical scars and indicated that the oil could be used similarly for reducing acne scars. Furthermore, experts found that the appearance of scars and discoloration can be reduced by applying the oil twice daily.
- Egg Whites
An egg, a common kitchen ingredient, possesses a great amount of protein that tightens the skin’s pores to prevent future breakouts while it lightens up acne scars. To apply it, you can use cotton ball to spread it on the skin and leave it on overnight.
- Aloe Vera
Like lemon and honey, aloe vera is also a common home remedy. According to a study, inflammation and scar tissue size can be reduced if the aloe is directly applied to the wound. It has very similar healing properties as lemon and honey. Also, Aloe Vera can be grown in your backyard easily.
- Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is at the top of the list for natural moisturizers with great healing properties. This product is also proven to reduce scars. It can be easily applied directly to the skin and left on as long as is needed, because it is complete with vitamins that the skin thirsts for and doesn’t have any negative side effects.
Depending on the type of scarring, one could undergo these treatments:
- Dermal fillers
Dermal fillers are a great way to address and potentially get rid of acne scars. It is particularly effective for boxcar scars and rolling scars. This treatment is defined as safe and accepted, as it gives great results to fill in the unwanted scars.
- Laser skin resurfacing
One of the popular cosmetic procedures that can aid in aging, rejuvenate the skin and reduce the effects of the sun is laser skin resurfacing.
The said treatment is proven to be safe, effective, and convenient and thus there would be no need to worry. Also, the money we spend on cosmetic laser skin resurfacing is lesser compared to many other treatment options.
- Chemical peels
Chemical peels are a solution that is applied directly to the skin that causes the skin to exfoliate and get rid of all dead skin cells. There are different types of peels to address different needs. To be specific, deep peels excel in removing scars along with other skin blemishes, as it penetrates deeper than all other chemical peels.
Whether natural or synthetic, there are indeed many ways to reduce the appearance of acne scars. Start with the natural ways first, and ask your doctor about the more in-depth treatments and synthetic alternatives if you don’t experience results or any improvements in your skin.