Most people hope and wish for clear skin. Some are lucky enough not having to deal with any skin condition or disease.
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However, the majority of the people is more likely to suffer from at least one kind of skin problem.
Acne is one of the most common skin diseases that someone can develop. People of all ages are prone to getting acne, but people between the ages of 11-30 years old are plausible to get it. In fact, about 85% of teenagers suffer from different kinds of acne.
Men tend to have more severe cases of acne than that of women. However, women have a higher chance of developing acne during pregnancy due to the tendency of having an increase in hormonal activities.
Suffering from acne can affect a person in many ways. It may affect you not only physically, but also emotionally and psychologically.
Aside from your skin getting scars along the way, acne can also change your self-esteem and confidence due to your appearance. Unfortunately, depression and anxiety may even become one possible downside of having acne.
What is acne? Acne is an inclusive term which a lot of people tend to misuse. It is also often mistaken for being a mere “pimple.” Although a pimple is a sign of acne, there are other types of acne that aren’t the same as pimples.
Acne is the skin disease that happens when sebum, an oil that is produced by sebaceous glands, mixed with dead skin cells clog your pores. In turn, it leads to the said inflammation and infection of pores.
Causes of acne
Before knowing how to cure and get rid of acne, it is good to learn what triggers its growth. This gives you a better understanding of how to prevent it from populating your face or other parts of your body.
Hormonal Activities – as mentioned earlier, the most affected age group by acne is that of between early to late adolescence.
Puberty causes your body to increase its production of hormones rapidly. Developing acne during this stage of life is usually common due to the increase of hormones.
One specific hormone known as testosterone, which is also known as androgen (a kind of hormone), is the main reason why hormonal change happen and triggers the development of acne
Testosterone can induce the sebaceous glands to overproduce sebum rapidly. When this happens, the pores clog and produce bacteria when sebum and dead skin cells mix. It leads the pores to become irritated and inflamed.
Clogged Pores/Hair Follicles – the human body contains sebaceous glands, with the exception of the palm of the hands and the sole of the feet.
These glands produce sebum, the oily substance in charge of providing moisture to the entire human skin. The face and scalp have high secretion of sebum because of the number of sebaceous glands present in those areas.
Over-secretion of sebum is one of the primary causes of acne development. When there is an overproduction of this oily substance, there is a higher chance for pores to clog together with dead skin cells.
As this happens, bacteria breeds in clogged pores that creates irritation which triggers acne growth.
High Sugar/Sweet Food – many studies suggest that the food you consume has nothing to do with the development of acne.
But in many cases, food that is mainly high in sugar is a factor and is likely to prompt acne. Food containing high sugar level contributes to high levels of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas for sugar to be disposed of by your body.
Insulin is another hormone that activates the overproduction of sebum. It only means that consumption of sugary food can, in fact, give rise to acne growth.
If you have a sweet tooth, lessening your sugar intake will benefit you especially if you are already suffering from acne.
Dehydration – water is one of the essential needs of our body when it comes to requirements; food is just secondary. Without ample amount of water supply in the body, it will suffer from dehydration. Some symptoms of dehydration include :
- Decreased urine release
- Dry mouth
- Dry skin
Among these symptoms, the dryness of the skin is a factor for acne development. It triggers the sebaceous glands to produce sebum to help keep the skin moisturized.
Along with the increase of sebum production, the roughness of the skin due to its dryness will cause some skin to peel off and turn into dead skin cells. With a high amount of dead skin that is added to a high volume of sebum, it will definitely clog the pores which will undoubtedly turn into acne.
Kinds of acne
As mentioned before, the word “acne” is an inclusive word. There are different kinds of acne and different stages as well. Below is a list of acne’s variations:
Acne Vulgaris: This type of acne usually appears as whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples that irritate your skin. The blockage of hair follicles often causes these.
- Whiteheads – a type of acne that is covered by a thin layer of skin that appear as bumps and spots that are white of color. Whiteheads are also considered as clogged hair follicles.
- Blackheads – another type of acne that appears as bumps on the skin having a dark or black part on top. Blackheads are also considered clogged hair follicles.
Hormonal Acne: Acne that is most commonly associated with teenagers and pregnant women.
This kind of acne occurs when your hormones triggers your sebaceous glands to overproduce sebum. This acne usually worsens depending on the status of your hormones. This explains why women face a higher chance of developing acne during their menstrual cycles.
- Comedonal Acne – This kind of acne is usually caused by dead skin cells and sebum clogging your pores. Comedonal acne is often characterized as a papule or even as blackheads.
- Inflammatory Acne – Inflammatory acne is a little bit self-explanatory. The acnes of this kind are usually the ones that are inflamed. They tend to be more sensitive than other types of acne due to its inflammation. Having a condition like this likely indicates that your acne is more severe than usual.
- Cystic Acne – This is the most severe case of acne that anyone can acquire. Suffering from this stage of severe acne should require the attention of a dermatologist. Over-the-counter products are usually ineffective when it comes to cystic acne. This kind of acne may also lead to permanent scarring if not treated correctly and in time.
Preventing Acne From Coming Back
Now that acne had been defined; knowing the causes, different kinds and effects. Next step is to figure out how to eliminate it from your face or body. Here are ways how to prevent acne from recurring:
- Observe proper hygiene
– Taking baths and showers should be done regularly. Your skin requires constant care with adequate hygiene. You will not be acne free just by cleaning certain body parts. Take note that in order to lessen acne, the entirety of your body should be cleaned and taken care of regularly. Maintaining the skin clean which means, keeping your pores unclogged, can prevent acne from growing back.
- Acne Creams
– There is a wide selection of anti-acne creams that are available either online or in pharmacies and stores. These creams are over-the counter-products that can easily be purchased even without a prescription from a skin expert. Acne creams are used for the treatment of mild cases of acne. It can also be used to prevent some acne from recurring.
- Rehydrate your body
– Always make sure that your liquid intake is never lower than your outtake to keep yourself from suffering dehydration. The compound elements of water are two hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom. Water is not just fluid, but it also contains oxygen. Since water can supply oxygen, it is all the more an essential need of living beings.
Plants are not the only living species that need water to survive. Humans have a more significant need for H2O since it can address many health issues including skin problems. With this being said, never forget to replenish your body with water.
- Consult a licensed dermatologist
– It is better safe than sorry. Even the most severe case of acne and other skin diseases may start from humble beginnings. Meaning, do not disregard what you see on your skin especially if it’s associated with itching, swelling or redness.
By visiting a certified dermatologist, you can be preventing a mild case of acne from turning into a more significant problem. When dealing with a dire and severe skin acne situation, it is best for you to get an appointment with a dermatologist and know what to do with your skin condition.
- Don’t apply too much friction
– Too much rubbing of the skin can further irritate your acne. It can worsen the condition and become more inflamed. Avoid rubbing rough clothes and materials on the area of the skin that is prone to acne growth.
- Have a balanced diet
– Less sugar intake means less insulin production, and with less insulin production means less sebum. Eat more of what can naturally grow while avoiding those that contain preservatives and additives. Always keep your diet in check to prevent various skin problems such as acne.
Don’t Take Any Chances
Taking care of one’s skin is a must for every individual. Even though acne is a widespread skin problem, there are enough ways to prevent acne and getting completely rid of it. Knowing what causes acne and how to avoid it will surely make your skin acne-free. Having clean and clear skin will not just boost your confidence, but it can also give you the freedom of showing your beautiful face to the world.