Acne scabs or more commonly referred to as acne scars are marks on your skin that represents damaged skin that normally originates from an acne breakout. These acne scabs are eye-catching and attention-grabbing, which makes most people insecure and more skin conscious than normal.
To be frank, there aren’t overnight solutions that can be done to get rid of an acne scab. Even medical procedures that require surgical operations take two or more sessions before fully restoring your skin and getting rid of that troublesome acne scab. However, there are a number of ways that acne scars can be treated over time.
Where do Acne Scabs Come from
These acne scabs come from inflammatory acne that either faded over time or were worsened because of various reasons.
Acne is a skin condition that takes place when the skin’s pores get clogged with various substances that mainly include sebum (an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands) and dead skin cells. Even though this skin condition is very common, acne has a number of different kinds that vary on appearance, inflammation, and severity.
The Two Main Types of Acne
Non-Inflammatory – there are two kinds of non-inflammatory acne that are very distinct from each other:
- Whiteheads– Whiteheads appear on your skin when hair follicles become clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. These are mostly found on the facial area and typically appear as white bumps that cover skin pores.
- Blackheads– Blackheads also form because of sebum and dead skin cells that clog the pores on your skin and hair follicles. They often appear as black or dark colored spots found on top of skin pores. Blackheads are frequently seen on the nose and other parts of the face.
Inflammatory – while non-inflammatory has 2 kinds of acne under its category, inflammatory has four different kinds. These are a bit more serious types of acne that can cause severe scarring to the skin:
- Pustules-Pustules are inflammatory acne that appears as red bumps with a yellowish top that comes from the pus inside the bump. These are more commonly referred to as “pimples”.
- Papules-Papules are almost the same as pustules. They are inflammatory that appear as red bumps. However, unlike pustules, papules are not filled with push. Both are formed from clogged pores that become inflamed.
- Nodular Acne-Acne nodules are considered as a more severe case of inflammatory acne. Nodular acne affects the areas and layers under the outer layer of skin. They appear as large bumps that are filled with blood and pus. If not treated properly, the infection from nodular acne could spread and worsen the situation.
- Cystic Acne– Cystic acne cases are the ones that are sure to leave acne scabs behind, even if treated. These are more severe than nodular acne, and affect a larger and deeper area. They have an appearance large and red bumps that are very sensitive to touch because of the severe infection and inflammation
What are the Factors that Cause Acne?
As you now know, an acne breakout is caused by a clogging of the sebaceous glands by various substances. The two main substances that clog those pores are sebum and dead skin cells. These two main factors each have different origins that all ultimately lead to them causing acne.
- Dead Skin Cells
When dandruff forms, it has a tendency of falling on your shoulders, face, back, chest, and other parts of your body. Dandruff forms when your scalp isn’t properly washed or when it is irritated or dry. This means that dandruff is basically dry or dead skin cells that come from your scalp. Enough irritation or dryness could cause the skin on the scalp to break down which leads to the formation of dandruff flakes. When these flakes make contact with your skin it can clog the hair follicles hence causing acne.
Due to the lack of bodily fluids present in the body when at a dehydrated state, the skin will naturally turn dry. The dryness causes the skin to crack and break which leads to an increased amount of dead skin cells and debris. The debris from the dead skin cells increases the risk of acne breakouts.
The clothes that you use usually have different types of fabric. While some are smooth, some could be rough and irritating to your skin. Too much friction between rough fabrics and your skin will likely cause further irritation and make dead skin cells increase in number. If acne is already present, wearing uncomfortable clothing will surely worsen the situation.
One of the most common causes of acne formation is your hormones. This is the reason why people who are at the pubertal stages of life are more likely to acquire acne than that of people at later stages of life; which excludes pregnant women whom have higher hormonal activities and individuals who take hormone enhancement supplements.
Sebum is affected by some kinds of hormones, which means that higher hormone-related situations lead to a higher production of sebum. Excessive sebum will surely become a part of the clogging of your skin’s pores which causes acne to form.
As mentioned before, dehydration is the state your body reaches when it is lacking bodily fluids. The dryness of the skin, which is an effect of dehydration, not only increases the amount of dead skin cells, but also the production of sebum.
Sebum is secreted by the sebaceous glands during the dryness of your skin. This occurs because sebum is responsible for keeping the skin lubricated and fresh. However, the sebum production more than often becomes excessive and tends to clog hair follicles and skin pores, which ultimately lead to acne breakouts.
The fabric of your clothing not only affects the amount of dead skin cells, but also the amount of sebum that your body excretes. Thick clothing more than often causes you to sweat and excrete sebum. The sweat and sebum will get stuck between the clothing and skin which clogs up your skin pores.
What are the Kinds of Acne Scabs?
- Icepick Scars
Icepick scars usually have an appearance of skin that is depressed and punctured. This normally originates from inflammatory acne. The skin collapses and leaves holes when it loses collagen, which occurs after cases of inflammatory acne. The depression of skin is usually deep despite the holes’ small appearances.
- Boxcar Scars
Boxcar scars are deep, wide, and depressed acne scars that come from inflammatory acne. These are often shallow like rolling scars are, only with sharper edges. The sharp edges give the scar its box-like appearance. Its deepness depends on how severe the acne it originated from was.
- Rolling Scars
Rolling scars appears as a wavy texture on your skin that is pitted and depressed. These scars have a softer and smoother texture than that of other pitted acne scars. These scars also come from inflammatory acne and tend to get worse as you get older.
- Keloid Scars
Keloid scars are raised acne scars that appear as discolored, raised, and uneven bumps. While depressed scars take place when the skin lacks the cells it needs for repairing the damaged skin, raised acne scars like keloids appear when the cells that repair the skin produce too much scar tissue, causing it to appear as a bump.
- Dark Spots
Although dark spots aren’t technically considered as scars, they are still a result of acne. They usually come from less severe cases of inflammatory acne such as pustules and papules, and are a part of the skin’s healing process once the acne is removed or gone. These spots are also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Most Effective Remedies for Acne Scabs
- Aloe Vera– This remedy is both effective for treating acne and acne scars alike. Using aloe vera can also help prevent the formation of acne scars. It can also reduce dark spots by lightening the dark areas caused by acne. It is also often used to reduce the inflammation and irritation of scabs. Aloe vera can be applied directly from its leaf or from products that have aloe vera as an ingredient.
- Vaseline– Using Vaseline can prevent bacteria from entering the scabs. It can also be used to moisturize, soften, and smoothen the affected area to lessen the irritation. However, Vaseline should not be used on areas that seeps blood or pus, as it can cause an infection.
- Tea Tree Oil– This oil has strong antibacterial properties that help lessen or prevent the infection of the scab. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that can treat scabs. Before applying tea tree oil, be sure to cleanse your face. Use a cotton ball to apply the oil to the affected areas, but be careful to exert force, as it can further damage the skin.
You may also try products that contain tea tree oil which perhaps will save you all these worries of over drying your skin. One of these products is Keeva Organics that is proven to be effective in treating acne and its awful marks..
- Honey– Honey is also filled with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can treat an acne scab through natural means. Using raw honey can speed up the skin’s healing process. It is to be applied directly on the affected areas.
- Aspirin– This remedy is considered as an effective exfoliant. Aspirin is used against inflammation and it can soothe the skin with its anti-inflammatory properties. You can create a paste from a mixture of water and crushed aspirin tablets. This paste can be applied to the affected areas to soothe the skin.
- Baking Soda– Baking soda has a number of uses, and one of those uses can be to treat an acne scab on your skin. Baking soda has an antibiotic and antibacterial that helps the skin’s healing process. Like aspirin, baking soda can also be mixed with water to create a paste that should be applied to the areas affected to create a natural remedy.
- Toothpaste– Although toothpaste can be used to treat an acne scab, some pastes have ingredients that can do more harm than good. Toothpaste that are natural are the ones that should be used. As with other pastes, toothpaste is used by applying it directly to the areas that are affected.
These various remedies are the best ways for you to get rid of acne scabs. The use of these remedies should be carefully done to avoid worsening the situation. The key to properly execute these procedures is to have caution, discipline, and most of all, patience to obtain a skin that is clean and clear.