Having clear skin can have a lot of advantages to an individual’s everyday life, one example being the confidence that having a clear complexion could give you as a person. Sadly, there is one problem that can ruin an individual’s skin complexion that is mutual to all kinds of people, and that problem is—skin acne.
Skin acne is a skin condition that involves the pores across your skin getting plugged by a number of substances which mostly include sebum (an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands found on your skin) and dead skin cells. Other factors that can clog your skin pores are dirt, bacteria, and sweat.
Different Forms of Acne
Knowing what types of acne you will be dealing with is important in order for you to treat and get rid of them properly. There are two main types of acne which are known as inflammatory acne and non-inflammatory acne.
Inflammatory Acne – These kinds of acne breakouts are more severe cases because of their inflamed nature. Because of this, inflammatory acne is typically more sensitive when touched and affect deeper and wider areas when compared to non-inflammatory acne. Because of the severity of most types of inflammatory acne. These are likely to form into scars after they heal over time or get treated.
- Papules-These are inflammatory acne that appears as small pink or red bumps on your skin. Most people tend to pop papules thinking that it speeds up the recovery, but popping papules only makes the situation worse because the infection could spread and affect the surrounding area and even cause dark spots.
- Pustules-A pustule is a type of inflammatory acne that have similarities with a papule. These pustules also appear as red bumps, but they are filled with a thick yellowish substance called pus. As the same with papules, it is strictly advised to not pop pustules to avoid worsening the acne situation.
- Nodules– These nodules are mostly considered as a worsened version of papules. These are inflammatory acne that affects the layers under the outer layer of skin, which means that it is larger and easier to notice. The large bump it has is very painful and hard when touched. When not treated properly, these could spread underneath the skin and get more severe as it infects other areas
- Cysts– Cystic acne is the most uncommon and most severe case of inflammatory that an individual could possibly have. The infection it causes your skin is deeper and has a wider range than that of a nodule. Cysts require immediate medical treatments and procedures to avoid further damage to the layers of skin. When cystic acne isn’t handled properly, acne scars are sure to be its aftermath.
Non-Inflammatory Acne– These acne breakouts are not that serious when compared to the infection and damage that most inflammatory inflicts. Even though non-inflammatory acne is smaller in size, they are still noticeable since they appear mostly at the various areas on your face.
- Blackheads– Usually appearing at the facial are, blackheads are black spots that take the place of your pores. These are the result of the pores getting clogged up. The black color comes from melanin, not from dirt.
- Whiteheads– Like blackheads, whiteheads are also a result of clogged skin pores. But rather than having black spots covering the pores, they appear as white colored spots, hence its name.
What Causes Acne
- Uncomfortable Clothes
The type of clothes that you wear can be a very big factor that causes acne. Uncomfortable clothing means that your skin will likely be irritated and that irritation may cause acne to appear or worsen any acne that you already have. There are many instances that your clothes could be irritating.
An example is when your clothes are too tight. The tightness of the clothes will trigger more friction from the fabric of the clothes to your skin which could be irritating for some. Sweat also tends to get trapped between your clothes and skin, which could lead to the pores of your skin which would surely cause an acne breakout if not cleaned properly.
The type of fabric that your clothing may have also leads to the skin getting irritated. If your skin is sensitive to a clothes’ specific kind of fabric, it is best to avoid wearing such clothes to lessen the chance of your skin getting displeasured and the chance of acne being formed.
- Dehydrated Body
When your body gets dehydrated, the likelihood of skin acne appearing is very high. Dehydration is the state your body attains when there is the amount of liquid that it needs reaches a certain level that is unsafely low. Some of the main symptoms of dehydration will mostly include the dryness of the mouth, tiredness, sleepiness, dizziness, an increased thirstiness, a decreased urine output, and the dryness of the skin.
One of these symptoms is one of the main factors that could cause skin acne, and that symptom is—dry skin. When the skin becomes dry, the sebaceous glands become triggered and are instructed to release more sebum to lubricate the skin. However, the amount of sebum that is produced could become too much for the skin to handle.
The excess sebum might get clogged up inside the pores and trigger an acne breakout. The dry skin also leaves behind a large amount of dead skin cells that could also contribute to the formation of unwanted skin acne.
- Falling Dandruff
Having dandruff is a very problematic situation for people who have it. Not only is very problematic itself, it could also be a cause of another hygiene related problem—acne. How does dandruff cause acne? Well the answer is simple; when dandruff makes contact with your skin, the flakes could get mixed up with sebum and cause the skin pores to get obstructed.
That’s the reason why if your hair has dandruff, it is advised to keep the hair away from the various areas of your face that has skin pores to avoid the formation of acne. In fact, dandruff flakes are technically just dead skin, which explains why it can clog your pores. Dandruff could also simply fall from your hair down to your different body parts and cause acne breakouts throughout your body.
- Active Hormones
The people that have or are likely to have acne are the ones aged between 11-30 years old. Eleven years old is the point of an individual’s life when they being to produce hormones that slowly begin to change how their respective bodies work. This stage of a person’s life is called puberty.
During puberty, hormones begin to develop. These hormones have their own functions to perform, and one hormone is responsible for controlling the amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands. Since hormones begin to become more active during puberty, the overall sebum production can possibly become excessive, hence increasing the risk of acne breakouts.
Quick Ways to Get Rid of Acne
Knowing the causes of acne greatly helps you become more aware and more careful with your skin. Preventing acne is also very helpful with getting rid of acne because it can help lessen and spread the acne that you already have.
- Use More Comfortable Clothes– Selecting proper the clothing for your skin type helps prevent your skin from becoming irritated. Be aware of what kinds of fabric your skin is comfortable with, and what fabrics irritate it.
- Keep Your Body Hydrated– Who knew that drinking eight glasses of water a day also helps prevent acne? With the information given earlier, you now know that dehydration causes acne. So it means that remembering to rehydrate your body lessens the chance of acne formation.
- Showering Regularly– Dandruff and dirt are also factors that causes skin acne, so taking a regular bath greatly helps with cleaning your body while avoiding acne breakouts from occurring.
- Skin Cleanser – There are different types of skin cleansers that are available at your local stores. These skin cleansers have many variations that are available for every type of skin, each having their own special skin cleansing ingredients.
- Salicylic Acid – This acne fighting ingredient helps give your skin a smoother texture. It also functions by reducing your skin’s inflammation, oiliness, and redness. When looking for a product that include salicylic acid, make sure that it contains about 1% to 3% of it.
- Retinoid Cream – This cream treats acne by reducing the inflammation of the skin and decreasing the amount of open pores.
- Benzoyl Peroxide – Products that include benzoyl peroxide should always be considered, because benzoyl peroxide eliminates the bacteria that cause acne. Benzoyl Peroxide is mostly found in anti-acne gel and cream products that are easy to buy at drugstores. Such products are also capable if opening pores.
- Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is mostly used to reduce the skin’s irritation. Dermatologists use tea tree oil because of the antibacterial and antimicrobial ingredients present in the product that are capable of killing bacteria that could cause acne.
There are products available in the market that also contains tea tree oil that is potent. One of these products is keeva organics. It has been proven that it is an effective product that contains this kind of ingredient.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
Like tea tree oil, apple cider vinegar also has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that can help with the treatment of acne by eliminating acne-causing bacteria. It can simply be applied to the affected area by rubbing it carefully.
- Baking Soda
Baking soda can be mixed with warm water to make a paste that can be applied to the acne-infested area on your body. It is free from harmful chemicals and it can exfoliate your skin while clearing it up. After applying it to the affected area, leave it for at least 1 hour before rinsing.
Your skin care routine will be a key factor that affects what happens to your pores. Although developing acne would be inevitable for some once they reach puberty, they are lucky that there are a lot of ways to prevent and treat acne.
No matter how severe your case is, acne can be treated, however not all treatments will be the same because some cases of acne breakouts are more severe than others. With that said, taking proper care of your skin keeps you away from the burden of experiencing or lengthening the terrors that acne brings.