Scars are considered “permanent” because the skin’s natural healing process stops when a scar forms. However, scars can be treated by various procedures that require proper handling and patience. A scar is only permanent if it is left untreated and unhandled.
This logic also applies to acne scars. Even severe cases of acne scars can be treated, as long as the procedure of the treatment is done properly.
Where do Acne Scars Come from
As its name indicates, acne scars originate from cases of acne breakouts. These scars are the marks that are left behind by the damage and infection to the skin which is caused by acne.
What is Acne?
Acne is a skin disorder that originates from various substances fill up hair follicles or the pores on your skin which causes it to form various bumps that depend on how severe the infection or damage is.
Reasons Why Acne Forms
Blocked Hair Follicles are the main reason why acne forms. A number of different factors can be held accountable for increasing the chances of these hair follicles getting blocked or clogged. Some examples are:
- Puberty – Hormones are a big factor of causing acne breakouts. People in their early teens are the ones that are most likely to acquire acne because during puberty, these people will have a significantly increased amount of hormones. The sebaceous glands which excrete oils on your skin are triggered by testosterone, a hormone that is also increased during puberty.
- Pregnancy – When a woman undergoes pregnancy, her hormones tend to become involuntarily increased. Unfortunately, acne breakouts are included among the other effects of the increase in hormones. Most people believe that testosterone can only be found in men, but that is false. Testosterone can also be found in women, although its amount is significantly smaller than the amount found in men.
- Shampoo – You’ll notice that as you use different kinds of shampoo, it will not only have different effects on your scalp and hair, but also your face and acne. Some ingredients of shampoo can be a factor that causes acne. However, the effects always vary depending on how sensitive your skin is to the substances found in your shampoo that can clog your pores.
- Facial Creams – There is a number of facial creams that are meant to treat acne. However, there are some that could actually worsen your acne. Most facial creams have instructions written at the back of their respective containers. If not followed, there could be some unwanted effects, acne being a primary example.
Kinds of Acne
Comedones are hair follicles that are clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Examples of comedones include blackheads and whiteheads.
- Blackheads – Blackheads are non-inflammatory acne that is also known as open comedones. They appear as dark colored bumps filled with oil and dead skin cells. Blackheads mostly appear at the facial area.
- Whiteheads – Like blackheads, whiteheads are also non-inflammatory acne. However, they are known as closed comedones. They appear as white colored bumps and are also filled with dead skin cells and oil.
- Papules – Papules are inflammatory acne that appears when the surrounding walls on your skin’s pores break down. These appear as hard, red/pink bumps that are sensitive to touch.
- Pustules – Pustules are pus-filled inflammatory acne. Like papules, these appear when the walls surrounding your pores break down. These usually appear as red bumps that emerge from the skin that have a yellowish color on its tip because of the pus.
- Nodules – Nodules are deep infecting inflammatory acne. These nodules typically appear as large hard bumps that also have a deep and wide infection. Having this kind of acne usually ends up in the formation of acne scars.
- Cysts – Cysts are the largest form of inflammatory acne and all acne in general. They are also the most severe cases of acne, having deeper cases of infection and damage than that of nodular acne. Cysts usually appear as large red and yellow bumps that are filled with pus. Due to its severity, acne scars are likely to appear after cysts are removed or even treated.
Kinds of Acne Scars and How to Remove Them
Acne scars have two different variations, the two being depressed/pitted acne scars and raised scars. Your acne scar could appear as either the two depending on what kind of damage was done to your skin by the acne it originated from.
- Rolling Scars
Rolling scars are pitted acne scars that appear as shallow scars that have a wavy appearance. While the lowest layer of your skin (hypodermis) is infected, it forms brands of tissue that causes the outer layer of your skin (epidermis) to twist down and form wide rows of scars that roll over the skin. Rolling scars normally come from long-term inflammatory acne that has damaged and infected your skin.
How to Remove Rolling Scars: Laser surgery is the recommended procedure to be done if you are looking to get rid of your rolling scars. Laser treatment is done by the use of lasers that burns the scar tissue. The burning of the skin allows it to have a proper process of healing.
This process helps rebuild the top part of the skin that has been damaged, which makes it one of the best ways to treat several cases of pitted acne scars. Like most treatments involving surgical procedures, laser surgery should only be done by a trained professional to avoid worsening the damage of your skin.
- Icepick Scars
When the skin becomes breached by acne infections, it will surely lead to a severe damaging of the skin’s tissues, which is where icepick scars come from. Icepick scars are considered as a depressed acne scar, which means that they are pitted from the skin. These scars appear at the areas where acne usually forms.
Although icepick scars usually originate from inflammatory, they could also appear when whiteheads or blackheads are constantly picked on. These scars have an appearance of deep pores that are typically narrow that resembles skin that has been punctured by an icepick, which is where the scar got its name from.
How to Remove Icepick Scars: Chemical peels are considered as the most common way of treating an icepick scar. This treatment gets rid of your acne scars by burning the skin, which then triggers the skin to heal itself. The use of chemical peels should always be recommended and done by a professional in order for it to be successful. Not doing this procedure properly could worsen the scar and cause more damage to your skin.
- Boxcar Scars
A boxcar scar is another kind of acne scar that gives the skin a pitted/depressed appearance. These scars are wide, and typically have defined, sharp edges that have a resemblance to the shape of a box, hence its name. The skin’s loss of tissue is the reason for its pitted appearance, which can be blamed on the acne that it came from. The depressed appearance of the scar is also deep, but its deepness depends on how severe the damage was of the acne that caused it.
How to Remove Boxcar Scars: The treatments/procedures that are mostly recommended to be done on boxcar scars is subsicion and punch excisions. Subsicion is a procedure that involves your skin getting broken down by a sharp needle. This sharp needle is used underneath the skin to remove the scar tissue and cause the skin to have a proper healing process.
Punch excisions on the other hand, involves a dermatologist pulling the edges of the scar together and removing the indented areas of the scars. However, this procedure still requires laser treatment afterwards, as it still leaves behind a mark because of the stitching.
- Keloid Scars
Keloid scars are acne scars that appear as raised and discolored bumps. These scars form when excess collagen is produced by the body as it tries to heal itself from the damage caused by inflammatory acne.
The scar tissue present on the uneven keloid scar bumps come from collagen. Keloid scars are basically like any kind of acne scars, which are all results of the skin’s failed attempt at healing itself. The only difference being keloid scars are raised rather than being pitted like most acne scars.
How to Remove Keloid Scars: The most common treatment used on a keloid scar is a shot of cortisone. After becoming flattened, keloids can be removed via laser treatments. Keloid scars can also be removed by surgical procedures but they usually just grow back.
- Dark Spots
Dark spots are also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). These are marks that appear after minor cases of acne breakouts. They are also known as brown spots. The sudden appearance of these marks is also an indication of the healing process of the skin.
The marks come from an increased amount of melanin from melanocytes, which are caused by inflammations from acne. These marks last up to two years if not treated with proper treatments.
How to Get Rid of Dark Spots: There are many available facial creams that have ingredients that are capable of removing dark spots. These creams are can be easily bought at stores.
Although very troublesome, acne scars can definitely be removed, provided the various procedures that are designed to do so are done properly. Most of the procedures that are done to get rid of acne are usually expensive but they sure do the job.
Taking care of your skin is a very big deal as improper care could have dire circumstances. Knowing that acne scars can be removed, and that acne can be treated before it turns into a scar could be very useful for your own personal skin care.