Acne commonly occurs on the face, chest, and back because of high concentration of sebaceous glands in these areas; but it can also occur in other parts of the body.
It is one of the most common skin problems encountered by an approximate of 680 million people around the world according to Global Acne Market Report. It was also ranked 8th in the list of most prevalent diseases in the world.
This ailment is rampant and can cause people with this problem to lose their confidence. It can also push individuals to self-medicate which can cause more harm to their skin.
Back acne, or bacne, is acne formed at the back caused by oily skin and hormonal imbalance.
It is almost the same as acne that occurs on the face but is more challenging to treat. The reason why the skin on your back is more difficult to treat is due to its thickness compared to the facial skin.
How does Acne occur?
There are several reasons why a person has bacne. Here are some possible causes:
Hormones – according to studies, acne occurs during the puberty stage because of a hormone called androgen. Androgen is also responsible for secondary sex characteristics from both male and female. Both genders have androgen which increases during puberty.
The skin’s oil glands increase in amount as we get older. It produces sebum which gives moisture to the skin. However, some can overproduce sebum which causes an oily skin that leads to acne. Others say that men have a higher chance of having bacne due to larger sweat glands.
Genetics – acne can also be hereditary or genetically transferred from parents to children. One of the reasons why genetics can also be a factor is because we carry the genetic information of our parents such as DNA and blood type.
In a study that was conducted by scientists, 20 paired identical twins were observed to have the same amount of sebum but differ in severeness of acne. This study also found that a patient with acne has an acne history from their first –degree relatives.
Poor Hygiene – since oily skin can accumulate dirt easily, it can also be a cause of acne, mainly when you do not scrub your back regularly. Dirt carries bacteria that when it gets into the pores, the skin tries to fight the bacteria. As a result, the pores swell and turn red which results in acne.
“If there’s a will, there’s a way.” Regardless of how hard it is to fight bacne, it will always be your choice. There are ways on how to avoid it which will not cost a penny. Here are some tips to develop good hygiene and prevent back acne
Wear clean clothes, avoid tight-fit – wearing clean clothes is not only pleasant to look at but it can also helps to avert back acne. Clothes accumulate dirt especially when we are outside the house. It also acts like a vacuum that draws or traps our sweat in the material wherein the bacteria can breed.
Meanwhile, tight-fitting clothes tend to cling to the skin which can irritate the skin due to sweat and dirt that can produce bacteria.
Wash your back properly – there are some soap or other bath products that contain heavy oils and other chemical based ingredients. If these products are not rinsed off correctly, it can irritate the skin and may cause acne.
Wipe off your sweat – having a habit of letting your sweat dry up on your skin is not a good idea. Wipe it off and keep your back clean.
Poor Diet – food is essential to your body but eating processed food that is greasy or filled with preservatives can make you sick and unhealthy. Eating the right kind of food like avocados, walnuts, sweet potatoes and other vegetables do not only make your body look good, it can also help you obtain a healthy glowing skin.
Food is not only for the stomach, but it also carries nutrients that could help our body to function well.
Medication – there are medicated skincare products available in the market; however, not all are appropriate for your skin type. It may contain chemicals which are not suitable or appropriate for your skin. It might cause skin irritation or may trigger acne. It is advisable to consult a dermatologist before taking these types of skin medication.
Allow an expert to help you provide the right treatment for your skin. Remember that it would be more costly if you treat yourself with the wrong medication rather than consulting a dermatologist to prescribe you the right solution
to your skin problem.
Makeup – applying makeup is not a bad thing, but it can trigger irritation or cause an allergic reaction. Makeup has a chemical content like acetylated lanolin, algae extract, benzaldehyde, D & C Red, Ethylhexyl Palmitate and other harmful chemicals that can trigger acne.
Stress – it doesn’t only make you look old, but it can also cause acne and other ailments. Stress levels stimulate the adrenaline gland and may increase the androgen level. As a result, the body overproduces sebum that can cause acne. For this reason, there is a need for the body to rest and relax to obtain a vigorous glowing skin.
Even if acne is a prevalent skin disorder, there is always a solution to this problem. There are two methods that are essential because it works hand in hand which will not be as effective without the other. These methods are the Preventive and Clinical methods.
Preventive measures are done by changing your habits to the point of lifestyle change that requires self-discipline. It is also important because it can help you achieve a better result and prevent bacne from happening.
On the other hand, the clinical method is used for an immediate effect; this method is done with the help of a dermatologist and use of modern types of equipment to remove back acne.
- Wash your back properly. Properly washing your back will remove dirt and prevent the pores from getting clogged with irritants. Since other people can’t reach their back, it is also advisable to use running water from the shower to remove the accumulated dirt. Using a back scrubber will also help rid your back of these elements.
- Know your skin type. It is vital for you to have an idea what type of skin you have. Having an understanding of your skin will help you in buying the right soap for your skin to work on.
- Stay away from direct sunlight over long periods. Sunlight has vitamin D that our body needs. However, overexposing yourself to sun rays is not advisable. It might damage your skin and may cause skin cancer.
- Wash your hair properly. Since hair can quickly accumulate dirt, it can trigger acne growth on different parts of your body and face. Your tresses naturally touch your skin, it is just proper to maintain it clean.
Gently scrub the scalp to remove the oil and dirt. If you have long hair, shampoo and rinse it thoroughly, making sure that there are no products left on your strands. It would also be best to use lukewarm water.
- Use a clean towel. It is advisable to change your bathroom towel every so often to prevent bacteria from penetrating your skin after you have showered. Using a bath towel longer than five days might trigger bacne.
- Have enough sleep. Adequate sleep would help your body to relax and repair itself. It also regenerates new cells and helps your skin to become healthy
- Frequent bathing. Taking a bath after sweating will help remove oil from your skin which has a high concentration on your back. By doing this, it will help reduce bacne caused by infected pores.
- Eat healthily. Eating the right kind of food can help your skin glow. It is advisable to eat salmon, broccoli, grapefruit, blueberries, oyster, walnuts, tomatoes, and eggs because of the nutrients found in these food. Avoid potato chips, milk chocolate, ice cream, soda, and pizza which can trigger acne to grow. Some food that you find delicious may suit your taste buds, but it can also be harmful to your health.
Treating back acne is quite challenging because we have different skin types. It means that we must undergo skin tests before the treatment. After determining the result, the dermatologist will now proceed to the right treatment for your skin.
The dermatologist will determine the procedure or medication that will be used based on the patient’s laboratory results. Here are some treatments and medications that are offered by dermatologists.
- Topical Prescription Medications: There are OTC topical solutions that are available and there are some that needs prescription.With this type of medication, you will need a dermatologist to prescribe a medicated cream to treat the acne. The most common prescriptions are.
- Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs
- Antibiotics –
- Salicylic acid and azelaic acid.
- Dapsone (it is also used to treat other skin disorders like leprosy)
- Oral Antibiotics: This is ideal for inflammatory acne and is usually prescribed by dermatologists for those who suffer skin disorders.
These are some examples for oral antibiotics: Tetracyclines, Erythromycin, Trimethoprim, Cotrimoxazole. These antibiotics can only be taken upon the prescription of a dermatologist
- Accutane: A type of vitamin A that helps release the right amount of oil from the glands to renew the skin. However, using Accutane has a side effect and needs a doctor’s prescription. This kind of drug is not recommended for pregnant women or for patients who are taking other medications which can have adverse effects if taken.
- CoolTouch Laser: CoolTouch® acne laser treatment is a modern treatment for acne wherein the laser penetrates into the pores and removes the blemishes. This kind of modern treatment does not only eliminate acne but can also remove wrinkles and other signs of aging.
- Blue-U light therapy. Blu-U is a unique treatment that kills acne bacteria which uses blue light. The treatment lasts approximately 17 minutes. After this treatment, the patient may experience redness and skin peeling for a few days. It allows the skin to regenerate and produce new skin.
Acne is caused by hormonal imbalance, genetic, poor hygiene, poor diet, medication, makeup, and stress but can also be treated clinically through different treatments, medicine, and even a lifestyle change.
Always consider that this must be done with caution and with the help of skin experts. Self-discipline and proper hygiene is also key in achieving a healthy and vibrant skin.
This prevalent skin disorder is not contagious as other skin problems are nor is it deathly like cancer. This skin disorder can help you evaluate yourself; if you have a healthy lifestyle or not. It can also be an indication that you need to take better care
of your skin.
Having a healthy and glowing skin can also improve your self-esteem which helps boost your confidence around other people. Your skin doesn’t have to be perfect looking, all you need is for your skin to be clear and clean.