At one point in every individual’s life, there is a chance of an acne breakout happening. Acne breakouts are very common especially for those who are approaching puberty, which is why teenagers tend to suffer the same problems that are related to the said skin condition.
After these troublesome breakouts are treated, it would be right for you to think that the suffering is over. However, there are two possible aftermaths of skin acne. The first aftermath is that your skin becomes clear, while the second is the appearance of acne scars. The latter however, is less likely to happen, as most cases of skin acne, especially the more severe cases, more than often end up with scarring.
What are Scars
Try to monitor your skin every time it gets damaged. Notice that the deeper the damage of the wound is, the more likely that it becomes a scar. These scars are the result of collagen, a kind of protein that is produced by your body.
The typical response of your body when it gets wounded is to undergo a healing process. As mentioned earlier, scars are more likely to appear if the wounds present are deeper than usual. This kind of situation disrupts the basic healing process and triggers the production of scar tissue, which is produced by collagen.
Although, this process results to scarring, there are different ways to avoid the end result. Even if acne are fresh, you can use OTC skincare treatments that contains organic ingredients like tea tree oil that is in Keeva Organics or the use of Retinoid creams are also helpful. However for older and deeper scars, there are clinical procedures available for treatments.
What are Acne Scars and how do they Form
Acne scars are basically what you obtain after most cases of acne. Like most scars, they form during the production of collagen which leads to the appearance of scar tissue. There are various kinds of acne scars that vary on the way they look and where they come from. The different kinds of acne scars that you could experience come from many kinds of acne that also have different colors, shapes, sizes, severity, and origins.
You are now well informed that these troublesome scars are close to avoidable when dealing with acne. You might be asking yourself–What is acne anyway? How does if form? What are its different kinds?
If you take a closer look at your skin, you might notice that there are pores all over it. Located inside those pores is what we call sebaceous glands. These glands are responsible for the skin’s production of an oily substance that is called sebum. These pores tend to get clogged with sebum along with other substances, which causes the pores to form acne.
What are the Kinds of Acne?
The different kinds of acne that you may experience could either be non-inflammatory acne or inflammatory acne. Most kinds of acne scars come from inflammatory acne because they tend to be more severe and they also cause more damage to the skin than non-inflammatory acne. The different kinds of acne include:
- Papules: Papules appear as solid, pink, and raised bumps on your skin that originate from your pores. These bumps are inflammatory acne that are caused by blocked hair follicles.
- Pustules: Pustules are also inflammatory acne and like papules, also appear as raised bumps. These bumps however, are more yellowish than pink because it is typically filled with pus. These also form because of obstructed skin pores.
- Nodules: Nodules are inflammatory acne that affect and damage the area underneath the skin. This kind of skin acne forms when the infection caused by the clogged hair follicles become deeper than usual. Nodules appear as painful lumps under the skin.
- Cysts: Cysts appear as large and soft lumps that are very painful when touched. These are the most severe cases of acne and will automatically result in the formation of acne scars.
- Blackheads: Blackheads are non-inflammatory acne, which is the kind of acne that doesn’t really result in the formation of a scar. These appear as slightly raised black bumps that are located on top of your pores.
- Whiteheads: Whiteheads are also non-inflammatory that appear as white, circular bumps found on your skin pores. Like blackheads, they are more commonly found across your facial area.
The Different Kinds of Acne Scars
- Pitted Acne Scars are acne scars that came from acne breakouts that causes the skin to depress and cause a pitted appearance. This scars are the most common kinds of acne scars to appear because of the commonness of the various kinds of inflammatory acne. Although all of these acne scars are pitted, taking a closer look at each type of scar or knowing how they formed could help you differentiate each one from another.
- Boxcar Scars: These pitted acne scars have box-like appearances that are very sharp, defined, and wide. Like most kinds of pitted scars, these form when inflammatory acne damages the skin and causes the tissue to get destroyed, giving the skin the pitted appearance.
- Ice Pick Scars: These acne scars give the skin an appearance as if it was pierced or punctured by an ice pick or any other sharp object. This scar usually looks like a large open pore because of the hole-like appearance that it has. Ice pick scars form when the skin gets inflamed by inflammatory acne which leaves the tissue destroyed and leaving behind a scar.
- Rolling Scars: Having rolling scars on your face feels like having waves on the surface of your skin. Unlike boxcar scars that are defined and sharp, rolling scars have very wavy and uneven edges. These wave-like scars are formed when the epidermis are pulled down by the tissue bands found inside the skin.
- Raised Acne Scars are acne scars that are firm scars that form raised bumps above the skin. While the pitted acne scars that cause your skin to plunge down are formed because of the skin’s collagen production getting hindered, raised acne scars are a result of your body producing too much collagen, which causes the creation of the uneven bumps.
- Hypertrophic Acne Scars: This type of scar forms on your skin after most cases of inflammatory acne causes your body to produce excess amounts of collagen. This kind of acne are more common for men and usually appear at the torso because that area is where men usually experience severe cases of acne. Hypertrophic acne scars are less common to appear than pitted acne scars. Healing acne lesions are the main origin of these scars, mainly because of the collagen that it needs when healing.
- Keloid Acne Scars: These acne scars are like more severe versions of hypertrophic acne scars but are less common. These scars are less common probably because they are more common with people who have darker skin tones. Keloid scars typically appear as uneven and firm bumps that are made up of scar tissue. Like hypertrophic scars, keloid scars are also a result of excess collagen production which stems from failed acne lesion healings.
Are these Acne Scars Permanent?
To finally answer the very intriguing question–yes, acne scars are permanent, but they don’t have to be. There are many factors that can determine if your scar will remain permanent or not. There are a lot of ways to remove these different kinds of scars. So basically, if left untreated, your scar will likely be permanent.
Different Ways to Remove Acne Scars
Surgical Procedures are the best option for you if you want to remove the permanency of your acne scars in a speedy manner. Some surgical procedures include:
Subcision: This surgical procedure involves the skin being penetrated by a specialized needle which removes the scar tissue found under the skin. After the scar tissue gets removed, this allows the skin to grow back new tissue and continue its process of healing and make the once pitted surface smoothened.
Excision: If you are suffering from a more severe case of acne scarring, it may require you to undergo a procedure called excision. This surgical treatment involves the acne scar being completely cut off from your skin.
The following scar from this procedure will be then stitched up and leave behind a smaller mark or scar. In order to achieve a totally scar-free complexion, some still undergo a second treatment for the surgical scar. But most people who undergo this operation prefer having the smaller surgical scar than the severe and more obvious acne scar.
Micro-Subcision: This procedure is usually done for repairing rolling scars. Micro-subcision involves a special kind of subcision needle which is used for the purpose of making a pocket underneath the rolling scar. The pocket created by the specialized needle could either be filled up with new tissue coming from your body’s healing process or by injected filler material if you ever choose to do so.
Laser Surgery: Undergoing laser surgery might be the easiest and fastest way to get rid of your acne scar, but it can also be the most expensive amongst the different surgical procedures. Laser treatment for acne scars will involve the laser literally burning your skin, or scar tissue to be more specific.
This procedure surely does sound terrifying, but the “burning” of the scar tissue is done to trigger the body’s natural healing process and help even up the surface of your skin. Even though undergoing a surgical procedure involving lasers is quite expensive, it will definitely be worth your money. If you are avoiding undergoing a surgical procedure or if the case of your acne scar does not require one, there are still other ways to clear up your scarring.
Dermal Fillers: An easy alternative for getting rid of an acne scar is by the use of dermal fillers. This process is done by allowing a doctor to inject fillers into the areas that are scarred. These dermal fillers will then even up your skin and smoothen it too.
Chemical Peeling: As its name suggests, this process involves the use of a chemical to peel certain layers of your skin. This treatment is mostly done for treating ice pick scars because of its effectiveness with it. The peeling of the skin will allow new layers of skin to form, hence evening the surface of the skin and effectively ridding your skin of acne scars.
The Thing Is
Due to most stories and real-life experiences, people are given the impression that scars are totally permanent. There was a time though, that this was true. But as time passed by and both humans and technology evolved, scars have become something that can be treated, cured, and removed.
Also keep in mind that acne scars obviously come from acne, and if taken care of properly, your acne won’t necessarily turn into severe acne scars unless the infection and damage caused by the acne is already severe itself. So if ever you have a scar, don’t lose hope, as there are several ways to deal with your scarring, all you need is patience and the willingness to spend.